June 29, 2022
Discourse about Urban and Rural education systems in Nigeria

Education is the most important aspect in community development. Schools play an important role in development. Students must have good skills and be proactive with appropriate futuristic mindset.

Furthermore, in addition to academic excellence, students must also be active in collaborative learning activities.

Urban areas refer to areas surrounded by cities and well-populated compair to rural areas that are sparsely populated and usually agricultural areas or remote areas. Recent educational research examines rural and urban differences and their performance.

Everyone, including teachers, researchers and the general public believe that students in rural schools receive less special education than students living in urban areas. Students’ backgrounds also affect their performance.

Many students living in urban areas have higher academic achievement than students in rural areas.

The excellent performance of urban students is due to the better quality of educational information they receive from various sources such as media and electronic media, educated families and peer groups helping them to perform better.

They have many advantages and opportunities compared to students in rural areas who are less open to the outside world and also do not know about current issues.

Here are some facts and reasons why urban students do better than rural students

These are geographic location, resources, technology availability and also teacher quality. As a starting point (family factor) in rural areas, the family is one of the factors that determine the productivity of their children. Thus, students in rural areas tend to perform poorly in school compared to students in urban areas because this is related to the education of their parents. The majority of parents in rural areas are less educated than parents in urban areas. Family background is the most important factor that determines student academic achievement. It has been confirmed that rural students are not pressured to do well because their parents’ expectations for education are low.

Low socioeconomic Factors

In addition, the background of students related to the low socioeconomic factors of their families, is also one of the factors that affect their educational achievement. Most students living in rural areas come from low-income families. Parents cannot provide them with sufficient educational resources at home compared to students in urban areas.

Lack of facilities and resources

Education encourages the development of human capital as an asset that yields higher or lower returns depending on the quality of education provided. Some of the factors that contribute to poor performance are lack of resources or poor facilities in most schools in rural areas compared to students in urban areas due to the unequal distribution of resources.

Good Teachers

In addition Teachers are very important to produce good student for achievement. In urban education systems, most teachers are highly competent and of high quality, but some of these high quality teachers usually do not want the government to relocate them to rural areas because they believe it will be difficult for them to relocate to rural are. Therefore, Teachers with less experience will be shifted to rural areas. So urban education is much better than rural education in every way.

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